Flora Survey Information

Montefiore Woodland Tree SurveyMontefiore Woodland contains both native and introduced flowering plants.
In some winters here, the vanilla-scented Winter Heliotrope which itself is widespread by this time may be seen flowering in late January or early February on a path leading from the meadow.

Alexanders, once a Roman pot herb is widespread by April, its greenish-yellow heads looking a little like cow parsley, which itself id widespread by this time. Other spring flowers are Lesser Celandine near the entrance on to Dumpton Park Drive and Common Dog Violet and Slender Speedwell along the path to the Synagogue by the wall.

Early summer will bring the most flowers in the seeded meadow (sown 2013) where you may find Scentless Mayweed, Common Poppy, Scorpionweed, Californian Poppy, Corn­flower and the rare Corncockle amongst many others.

Scattered in the woodland is Foetid Iris, a native yellow brown or purple flower tolerant of deep shade, look between May and July and in autumn for its bright red berry fruits. Dog Rose blooms in June at the edge of the meadow. Look also in late summer for the Prickly Lettuce, or Compass Plant whose leaves point north and south in full sun, they are on the edge between the meadow and the wood.

Two widespread species, sometimes considered problematical by conservation­ists are Blackberry and Ivy. However, these provide nesting cover and security for small mammals and birds, nectar sources for a large variety of insects and in the case of Ivy, late flowering when many other species are dead and fruits in winter when sometimes other food sources are scarce, so there needs to be space for all, even if some of the very aggressive species need to be kept in check.

We have only a very small space for so many needs after all!

Plants recorded at Montefiore Woodland

StatusMeaning
Na = NativePresent in flora without intervention by humans.
Ne = NeophytePresent in flora introduced since AD 1500.
A = ArchaeophytePresent in flora introduced before AD 1500.
Sp Und = Species undetermined
Species undetermined
*In Wildflower Seed Mix planted in 2013

Latest Flora Survey – 2017

Common name Scientific name Status2017
* seen since 2013
* in Wildflower Seed sown 2013
Allium Allium spNot this year *Species undetermined
probably garden origin
AlexandersSmyrnium olusatrum A2017*
Alkanet Anchusa officinalis Ne 2017*
Annual meadow-grassPoa annuaA2017
Barren bromeBromus sterilusA2017
Birdsfoot TrefoilLotus corniculatus NaNot this year ** In seed mix
Black HorehoundBallota nigraA2017*
Black MedickMedicago lupulinaNaNot this year *
Bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scriptaNa 2017*
Bristly OxtonguePicris echioides A2017*
Broad-leaved SpurgeEuphorbia platyphyllosANot this year
Broad-leaved willow herbEpilobium montanum Planted here2017
Bulbous ButtercupRanunculus repensNaNot this year*
Bush VetchVicia sepiumNa2017*
Californian PoppyEschscholzia californicaNe Not this year*
Charlock Sinapis arvensis A 2017*
Cleavers Galium aparineNa 2017*
Cock’s FootDactylis glomerata Na 2017** in seed mix
Common BentAgrostis capillarisNa grassNot this year*
Common CouchElytrigia repens Na Not this year*
Common Dog VioletViola riviviana Na 2017*
Common Evening PrimroseOenothera biennisNeNot this year*
Common Fumitory Fumaria officinalis ANot this year*
Common KnapweedCentaurea nigraNa2017*
Common MallowMalva sylvestris Na 2017*
Common Mouse-earCerstium muralisNaNot this year*
Common Poppy Papaver rhoeas A2017*
Common Ragwort Senecio jacobaeaNa2017*
Common SainfoinOnobrychis viciifoliaNaNot this year*Chalk grassland form thought to be native, but here likely to be alien.
Common ToadflaxLinaria vulgarisNa2017*
Common VetchVicia sativaNaNot this year*
Corncockle Agrostemma githagoA2017*see NB below
Cornflower Centaurea cyanusA2017** in seed mix
Cow Parsley Anthriscus sylvestris Na 2017*
CowslipPrimula verisNa2017*Native but planted here.
Creeping BentAgrostis stoloniferaNa2017*Native grass
Creeping ButtercupRanunculus repensNa2017
Creeping ThistleCirsium arvenseNaNot this year*
Cuckoo PintArum maculatumNaNot this year*Native, in lane
Cut-leaved CranesbillGeranium dissectumNa2017*Native grass
DaffodilNarcissus speciesC2017*Possible garden origin
Dame’s -VioletHesperis matronalisNeNot this year*
Danish ScurvygrassCochlearia danicaNaNot this year*
Dandelion Anthriscus sylvestrisNa 2017*
Dog RoseTaraxacum agg. Na 2017*
Dove’s-foot Crane’s-billGeranium molleNaNot this year*
Eastern RocketSisymbrium orientaleNeNot this year*
False oat-grassArrhenatherum elatiusNa grassNot this year*
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare ANot this year*
Field BindweedConvolvulus arvensisNa2017*
Field PennycressThlaspi arvenseANot this year*
FlaxLinum usitatissimumNeNot this year*
Foetid Iris (Stinking)Iris foetedissimaNa2017*
Forget-me-not Myosotis Na ?2017*
FoxgloveDigitalis purpureaNaNot this year*
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolataNa 2017*
Greater Bird’s Foot Trefoil Lotus uliginosusNa2017
Great MulleinVerbascum thapsusNaNot this year** in seed mix
Greater PerewinkleVinca majorNe Not this year*
Greater StitchwortStellaria holosteaNaNot this year*
Great willowherbEpilobium hirsutumNa2017*
Green AlkanetPentaglettis sempervirensNeNot this year*
Groundsel Senecio vulgarisNaNot this year*
Hart’s Tongue FernPhyllitis scolopendriumNaNot this year*
HawkweedHieracium spNa2017*sp uncertain
Hedge BedstrawGalium mollugoNaNot this year*
Herb RobertGeranium robertianumNaNot this year*
Hoary WillowherbEpilobium parviflorumNaNot this year*
HonestyLunariaNe2017*
Hop TrefoilTrifolium campestreNa2017*
Ivy-leaved ToadflaxCymbalaria muralisNe2017*
Lacy PhaceliaPhacelia tanacetifolia Ne Not this year*Appeared in 2013 after meadow seeded, but not in seed-mix
Lady’s BedstrawGalium verumNa2017*
Lady’s SmockCardamine pratensisNaNot this year*Native, but planted here
Large BindweedCalystegia silvaticaNe2017*
Lesser CeladineRanunculus ficaria Na2017*
Love-in-a-mistNigella damascenaNe2017*
LucerneMedicago sativa ssp sativaNe2017*
Marigold (Pot)Calendula officinalisNeNot this year*Garden escape or more likely planted.
Meadow ButtercupRanunculus acrisNaNot this year*
Meadow FescueFestuca pratensisNaNot this year*
Meadow FoxtailAlopecurus pratensis NaNot this year** In seed mix
Meadow oat-grassHelictotrichon pratenseNa2017
NipplewortLapsana communisA2017*
OrpineSeum telephiumNa2017Native, but planted here.
Ox eye daisyLeucanthemum vulgareNa2017*
Pellitory-of-the-wallParietaria officinalisNaNot this year*
Perennial Rye-grassLolium perenneNa grass2017*
Pink OxalisOxalis articulataNaNot this year*
Pink SorrelOxalis articulartaNeo2017*
Prickly LettuceLactuca serriola ANot this year*
Prickly sow thistleSonchus asper Na Not this year*
Primrose Primula vulgaris C ?2017*
Red CampionSilene dicicaNa2017*
Red CloverTrifolium pratenseNa2017*
Red Dead-nettle Lamium purpureumA2017*
Red ValerianCentranthus ruberNeoNot this year*Neo
Ribwort PlantainPlantago lanceolata NaNot this year*Native grass
Rough Meadow grassPoa trivialisNaNot this year*Native grass
Ribwort PlantainPlantago lanceolataNaNot this year*
SainfoinOnobrychis sylvaticaNa / alien2017Chalk grassland form thought to be native, but probably alien here
Scarlet PimpernelAnagallis arvensis Na Not this year*
Scentless Mayweedripleurospermum inodorum ANot this year** See NB Below
Slender SpeedwellVeronica filiformisNeNot this year*
Smaller Cat’s-tailPhleum bertoloniiNa grassNot this year*
Small ScabiousScabiosa columbaria Na Not this year** See NB Below
Smooth Meadow GrassPoa pratensisNaNot this year*Native grass
Smooth Sow-thistleSonchus cleraceusNa2017*Native grass
Soft BromeBromus hordeaceusNaNot this year*Native grass
Spear ThistleCirsium vulgare Na 2017*
Spotted MedickMedicago arabicaNaNot this year*
Square-stalked WillowherbEpilobium tetragonumNaNot this year*
Stinking Mayweed/ChamomileAnthemis cotulaA2017*
Summer SnowflakeLeucojum aestiuumC2017*Na in parts of GB, planted/garden escape
Sweet AlisonLobularia maritimaNeNot this year*
Sweet VioletViolet odoratoNaNot this year*
Sweet WilliamDianthus barbatusNeNot this year*
Tall FescueFestuca arundinaceaNa grassNot this year*
Tall MelilotMelilotus altissimusANot this year*
TeaselDipsacus fullonumNa2017** in seed mix
Three-cornered GarlicAllium triquetrumNe2017*
Timothy-grass Phleum pratense Na 2017** in seed mix
Upright hedgeparsleyTorilis japonicaNa2017
Viper’s BuglossEchium vulgareNaNot this year** in seed mix
White CampionSilene latifoliaA2017*
White Clover Trifolium repensNa2017*
Wild CarrotDaucus carota Na2017** in seed mix
Wild ClarySalvia verbenaca, NaNot this year*
Wild OatAvena fatuaA grassNot this year*A grass
Winter heliotrope Pentasites fragransNe2017*
Wood Avens Geum urbanum Na 2017*
Wood DockRumex sanguineusNaNot this year*
WoodruffGalium oderatumNaNot this year*
YarrowAchillea millefoliumNaNot this year** in seed mix
Yellow RattleRhinanthus minorNa2017Sown from seed here 2017

NB Corn Cockle: A most interesting observation seen in meadow from 21st July, 2013 in small numbers. Formerly a widespread cornfield “weed”. Declined dramatically in the 20th Century with improved seed cleaning. An ancient introduction, probably from the Eastern Mediterranean with the spread of cultivation  into Temperate Europe from 2500 BC onwards. Now almost extinct in Britain, but occurs in Ranscombe Farm, Cuxton. First record in Kent dates from 1629. Now a component of wildflower seed mixtures, but not given in list of species in the meadow seed mix broadcast at Montefiore Woodland in the spring of 2013. origin uncertain.

NB Lacy Phacelia / Scorpion-weed: Not quoted in meadow seed mix, origin uncertain.

NB Scentless Mayweed: Dominant in meadow 2013 but not quoted in seed-mix list, origin uncertain

NB Small Scabious? Error in meadow seed mix list Far Field Scabious, otherwise source uncertain?

Trees and shrubs shown as present in 2012 list and still extant in 2013 (not included in this list).

Our thanks to Peter for his time and effort!