Flora Survey Information

Montefiore Woodland Tree SurveyMontefiore Woodland contains both native and introduced flowering plants.
In some winters here, the vanilla-scented Winter Heliotrope which itself is widespread by this time may be seen flowering in late January or early February on a path leading from the meadow.

Alexanders, once a Roman pot herb is widespread by April, its greenish-yellow heads looking a little like cow parsley, which itself id widespread by this time. Other spring flowers are Lesser Celandine near the entrance on to Dumpton Park Drive and Common Dog Violet and Slender Speedwell along the path to the Synagogue by the wall.

Early summer will bring the most flowers in the seeded meadow (sown 2013) where you may find Scentless Mayweed, Common Poppy, Scorpionweed, Californian Poppy, Corn­flower and the rare Corncockle amongst many others.

Scattered in the woodland is Foetid Iris, a native yellow brown or purple flower tolerant of deep shade, look between May and July and in autumn for its bright red berry fruits. Dog Rose blooms in June at the edge of the meadow. Look also in late summer for the Prickly Lettuce, or Compass Plant whose leaves point north and south in full sun, they are on the edge between the meadow and the wood.

Two widespread species, sometimes considered problematical by conservation­ists are Blackberry and Ivy. However, these provide nesting cover and security for small mammals and birds, nectar sources for a large variety of insects and in the case of Ivy, late flowering when many other species are dead and fruits in winter when sometimes other food sources are scarce, so there needs to be space for all, even if some of the very aggressive species need to be kept in check.

We have only a very small space for so many needs after all!

Plants recorded at Montefiore Woodland

StatusMeaning
Na = NativePresent in flora without intervention by humans.
Ne = NeophytePresent in flora introduced since AD 1500.
A = ArchaeophytePresent in flora introduced before AD 1500.
Sp Und = Species undetermined
Species undetermined
*In Wildflower Seed Mix planted in 2013

Updated Flora Survey – 2018

Common name Scientific name Status*Seen some years since 2013 * in Wildflower Seed sown 2013
AlexandersSmyrnium olusatrum A2018*
Alkanet Anchusa officinalis Ne *
Allium Allium sp *Species undetermined
probably garden origin
AnemoneAnemone spUndetermined2018 Planted as Wood Anemone (but supplier information incorrect)
Annual meadow-grassPoa annuaA *
Barren bromeBromus sterilusA *
Birdsfoot TrefoilLotus corniculatus Na2018** In seed mix
Black HorehoundBallota nigraA2018*
Black MedickMedicago lupulinaNa *
Bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scriptaNa 2018*1000 bulbs planted 2014
Bristly OxtonguePicris echioides A *
Broad-leaved Everlasting sweet-peaLathyrus latifoliusNe2018
Broad-leaved SpurgeEuphorbia platyphyllosA *
Broad-leaved willow herbEpilobium montanum Planted here *
Bulbous ButtercupRanunculus bulbousNa *
Bush VetchVicia sepiumNa2018*
Californian PoppyEschscholzia californicaNe *
Charlock Sinapis arvensis A *
Cleavers Galium aparineNa *
Cock’s FootDactylis glomerata Na 2018** in seed mix
Common BentAgrostis capillarisNa grass *
Common CouchElytrigia repens Na 2018
Common Dog VioletViola riviviana Na *
Common Evening PrimroseOenothera biennisNe *
Common Fumitory Fumaria officinalis A *
Common KnapweedCentaurea nigraNa2018*
Common MallowMalva sylvestris Na *
Common Mouse-earCerstium muralisNa *
Common Poppy Papaver rhoeas A2018*
Common Ragwort Senecio jacobaeaNa *
Common SorrelRumex acetosaN2018
Common ToadflaxLinaria vulgarisNa2018*
Common VetchVicia sativaNa *
Corncockle Agrostemma githagoA2018*Origin uncertain
see NB below
Cornflower Centaurea cyanusA ** in seed mix
Cow Parsley Anthriscus sylvestris Na 2018*
CowslipPrimula verisNa2018*Native but planted here.
Creeping BentAgrostis stoloniferaNa *Native grass
Creeping ButtercupRanunculus repensNa *
Creeping ThistleCirsium arvenseNa *
Cuckoo PintArum maculatumNa *Native, in lane
Cut-leaved CranesbillGeranium dissectumNa *Native grass
DaffodilNarcissus speciesC2018*Possible garden origin
Dame’s -VioletHesperis matronalisNe2018*
Danish ScurvygrassCochlearia danicaNa *
Dandelion Taraxacum agg.Na 2018*
Dog Rose Rosa caninaNa 2018*
Dove’s-foot Crane’s-billGeranium molleNa2018*
Eastern RocketSisymbrium orientaleNe *
False oat-grassArrhenatherum elatiusNa grass *
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare A *
Field BindweedConvolvulus arvensisNa2018*
Field Mouse-earCerastium arvenseNa2018
Field PennycressThlaspi arvenseA *
FlaxLinum usitatissimumNe *
Foetid Iris (Stinking)Iris foetidissimaNa2018*
Forget-me-not Myosotis Na ? *
FoxgloveDigitalis purpureaNa *
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolataNa 2018*
Great MulleinVerbascum thapsusNa ** in seed mix
Greater PerewinkleVinca majorNe *
Greater StitchwortStellaria holosteaNa *
Great willowherbEpilobium hirsutumNa *
Green AlkanetPentaglettis sempervirensNe *
Groundsel Senecio vulgarisNa *
Hart’s Tongue FernPhyllitis scolopendriumNa *
HawkweedHieracium spNa *sp uncertain
Hedge BedstrawGalium mollugoNa *
Herb RobertGeranium robertianumNa2018*
Hoary WillowherbEpilobium parviflorumNa*
HonestyLunaria annuaNe2018*
Hop TrefoilTrifolium campestreNa2018*
Ivy-leaved ToadflaxCymbalaria muralisNe2018*
Lacy PhaceliaPhacelia tanacetifolia Ne *Appeared in 2013 after meadow seeded, but not in seed-mix
Lady’s BedstrawGalium verumNa2018*
Lady’s SmockCardamine pratensisNa *Native, but planted here
Large BindweedCalystegia silvaticaNe *
Lesser CelandineRanunculus ficaria Na2018*
Love-in-a-mistNigella damascenaNe2018*
LucerneMedicago sativa ssp sativaNe2018*
Marigold (Pot)Calendula officinalisNe *Garden escape or more likely planted.
Meadow ButtercupRanunculus acrisNa *
Meadow FescueFestuca pratensisNa *
Meadow FoxtailAlopecurus pratensis Na ** In seed mix
Meadow oat-grassHelictotrichon pratenseNa2018
NipplewortLapsana communisA2018*
OrpineSedum telephiumNa2018Native, but planted here.
Ox eye daisyLeucanthemum vulgareNa2018*
Pellitory-of-the-wallParietaria officinalisNa *
Perennial Rye-grassLolium perenneNa grass *
Pink SorrelOxalis articulartaNeo *
Prickly LettuceLactuca serriola A *
Prickly sow thistleSonchus asper Na 2018*
Primrose Primula vulgaris C ?2018*Probable garden origin
Red CampionSilene dioicaNa2018*
Red CloverTrifolium pratenseNa *
Red Dead-nettle Lamium purpureumA *
Red ValerianCentranthus ruberNeo *Ne
Ribwort PlantainPlantago lanceolata Na *Native grass
Rough Meadow grassPoa trivialisNa *Native grass
Ribwort PlantainPlantago lanceolataNa *
SainfoinOnobrychis sylvaticaNa / alien2018*Chalk grassland form thought to be native, but probably alien here
Scarlet PimpernelAnagallis arvensis Na *
Scentless MayweedTripleurospermum inodorum A ** See NB Below
SelfhealPrunella vulgarisNa2018
Slender SpeedwellVeronica filiformisNe2018*
Smaller Cat’s-tailPhleum bertoloniiNa grass *
Small ScabiousScabiosa columbaria Na ** See NB Below
Smooth Meadow GrassPoa pratensisNa *Native grass
Smooth Sow-thistleSonchus cleraceusNa *Native grass
Soft BromeBromus hordeaceusNa *Native grass
Spear ThistleCirsium vulgare Na *
Spotted MedickMedicago arabicaNa *
Square-stalked WillowherbEpilobium tetragonumNa *
Stinking Mayweed/ChamomileAnthemis cotulaA *
Summer SnowflakeLeucojum aestiumNa2018*Na in parts of GB, planted/garden escape
Sweet AlisonLobularia maritimaNe *
Sweet VioletViola odorataNa2018*
Sweet WilliamDianthus barbatusNe *native in parts of GB but planted or garden escape here
Tall FescueFestuca arundinaceaNa grass *
Tall MelilotMelilotus altissimusA *
TeaselDipsacus fullonumNa ** in seed mix
Three-cornered GarlicAllium triquetrumNe *
Timothy Phleum pratense Na 2018** in seed mix
Upright hedge-parsleyTorilis japonicaNa2018*Identified with note from Alan
Viper’s BuglossEchium vulgareNa2018** in seed mix
White CampionSilene latifoliaA *
White Clover Trifolium repensNa2018*
White Melilot Melilotus albusNe
Wild CarrotDaucus carota Na ** in seed mix
Wild ClarySalvia verbenaca, Na *
Wild OatAvena fatuaA grass2018*A grass
Winter heliotrope Petasites fragransNe2018*
Wood Avens Geum urbanum Na *
Wood DockRumex sanguineusNa *
WoodruffGalium oderatumNa *
YarrowAchillea millefoliumNa2018** in seed mix
Yellow RattleRhinanthus minorNa2018 ** in seed mix but failed.
Sown from seed here 2016 onward.

NB Corn Cockle: A most interesting observation seen in meadow from 21st July, 2013 in small numbers. Formerly a widespread cornfield “weed”. Declined dramatically in the 20th Century with improved seed cleaning. An ancient introduction, probably from the Eastern Mediterranean with the spread of cultivation  into Temperate Europe from 2500 BC onwards. Now almost extinct in Britain, but occurs in Ranscombe Farm, Cuxton. First record in Kent dates from 1629. Now a component of wildflower seed mixtures, but not given in list of species in the meadow seed mix broadcast at Montefiore Woodland in the spring of 2013. origin uncertain.

NB Lacy Phacelia / Scorpion-weed: Not quoted in meadow seed mix, origin uncertain.

NB Scentless Mayweed: Dominant in meadow 2013 but not quoted in seed-mix list, origin uncertain

NB Small Scabious? Error in meadow seed mix list Far Field Scabious, otherwise source uncertain?

Trees and shrubs shown as present in 2012 list and still extant in 2013 (not included in this list).

Our thanks to Peter for his time and effort!