Flora Survey Information

Montefiore Woodland Tree SurveyMontefiore Woodland contains both native and introduced flowering plants.
In some winters here, the vanilla-scented Winter Heliotrope which itself is widespread by this time may be seen flowering in late January or early February on a path leading from the meadow.

Alexanders, once a Roman pot herb is widespread by April, its greenish-yellow heads looking a little like cow parsley, which itself id widespread by this time. Other spring flowers are Lesser Celandine near the entrance on to Dumpton Park Drive and Common Dog Violet and Slender Speedwell along the path to the Synagogue by the wall.

Early summer will bring the most flowers in the seeded meadow (sown 2013) where you may find Scentless Mayweed, Common Poppy, Scorpionweed, Californian Poppy, Corn­flower and the rare Corncockle amongst many others.

Scattered in the woodland is Foetid Iris, a native yellow brown or purple flower tolerant of deep shade, look between May and July and in autumn for its bright red berry fruits. Dog Rose blooms in June at the edge of the meadow. Look also in late summer for the Prickly Lettuce, or Compass Plant whose leaves point north and south in full sun, they are on the edge between the meadow and the wood.

Two widespread species, sometimes considered problematical by conservation­ists are Blackberry and Ivy. However, these provide nesting cover and security for small mammals and birds, nectar sources for a large variety of insects and in the case of Ivy, late flowering when many other species are dead and fruits in winter when sometimes other food sources are scarce, so there needs to be space for all, even if some of the very aggressive species need to be kept in check.

We have only a very small space for so many needs after all!

Plants recorded at Montefiore Woodland

Updated Flora Survey – 1st October 2020

Common name Scientific name Status*Seen some years since 2013 * in Wildflower Seed sown 2013
AlexandersSmyrnium olusatrum A2020*
Allium Allium sp2020 *Species undetermined
probably garden origin
AnemoneAnemone spUndetermined2020 Planted as Wood Anemone Anemone nemorosa (but supplier information incorrect)
Annual meadow-grassPoa annuaA *
Barren bromeBromus sterilusA *
Birdsfoot TrefoilLotus corniculatus Na2020** In seed mix
Black HorehoundBallota nigraA2020*
Black MedickMedicago lupulinaNa *
Bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scriptaNa 2020*1000 bulbs planted 2014
Bristly OxtonguePicris echioides A2020*
Broad-leaved Everlasting sweet-peaLathyrus latifoliusNe*
Broad-leaved SpurgeEuphorbia platyphyllosA *
Broad-leaved willow herbEpilobium montanum Planted here *
Broad WheatTrititum aestivumA /Ne2020
New record this year!
Introduced grass species
Bulbous ButtercupRanunculus bulbousNa *
Bush VetchVicia sepiumNa*
Californian PoppyEschscholzia californicaNe *
Charlock Sinapis arvensis A 2020*
Cleavers Galium aparineNa 2020 *
Cock’s FootDactylis glomerata Na 2020** in seed mix
Common BentAgrostis capillarisNa grass *
Common ChickweedStellaria mediaNa2020*
Common CouchElytrigia repens Na 2020*
Common Dog VioletViola riviviana Na *
Common Evening PrimroseOenothera biennisNe *
Common Fumitory Fumaria officinalis A *
Common KnapweedCentaurea nigraNa2020*
Common MallowMalva sylvestris Na 2020 *
Common Mouse-earCerstium fontanumNa2020*
Common Poppy Papaver rhoeas A*
Common Ragwort Senecio jacobaeaNa *
Common SorrelRumex acetosaN*
Common ToadflaxLinaria vulgarisNa2020*
Common VetchVicia sativaNa *
Corncockle Agrostemma githagoA2020*Origin uncertain
see NB below
Cornflower Centaurea cyanusA ** in seed mix
Cow Parsley Anthriscus sylvestris Na 2020*
CowslipPrimula verisNa2020*Native but planted here.
Creeping BentAgrostis stoloniferaNa2020*Native grass
Creeping ButtercupRanunculus repensNa*
Creeping ThistleCirsium arvenseNa*
Cuckoo PintArum maculatumNa *Native, in lane
Cut-leaved CranesbillGeranium dissectumNa*
DaffodilNarcissus speciesC2020*Cultivated plant here species uncertain.
DaisyBellis perennisNa2020*
Dame’s -VioletHesperis matronalisNe*
Danish ScurvygrassCochlearia danicaNa *
Dandelion Taraxacum agg.Na *
Dog Rose Rosa caninaNa 2020*
Dove’s-foot Crane’s-billGeranium molleNa2020*
Eastern RocketSisymbrium orientaleNe *
Equal-leaved KnotgrassPolygonum arenastrumA*
False oat-grassArrhenatherum elatiusNa grass *
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare A *
Field BindweedConvolvulus arvensisNa2020*
Field Mouse-earCerastium arvenseNa*
Field PennycressThlaspi arvenseA *
FlaxLinum usitatissimumNe *
Foetid Iris (Stinking)Iris foetidissimaNa2020*
Forget-me-not Myosotis Na 2020 *Species uncertain
possible garden origin
FoxgloveDigitalis purpureaNa *
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolataNa 2020*
Great MulleinVerbascum thapsusNa ** in seed mix
Greater PerewinkleVinca majorNe *
Greater StitchwortStellaria holosteaNa *
Great willowherbEpilobium hirsutumNa *
Green AlkanetPentaglettis sempervirensNe2020 *
Groundsel Senecio vulgarisNa *
Hart’s Tongue FernPhyllitis scolopendriumNa *Native fern in wall
Hawkweed Ox tonguePicris hieracioidesNa2020 *
Hedge BedstrawGalium mollugoNa *
Herb RobertGeranium robertianumNa2020*
Hoary WillowherbEpilobium parviflorumNa*
HonestyLunaria annuaNe2020*
Hop TrefoilTrifolium campestreNa2020*
Ivy-leaved ToadflaxCymbalaria muralisNe2020*
Lacy PhaceliaPhacelia tanacetifolia Ne *Appeared in 2013 after meadow seeded, but not in seed-mix
Lady’s BedstrawGalium verumNa2020*
Lady’s SmockCardamine pratensisNa *Native, but planted here
Large BindweedCalystegia silvaticaNe2020 *
Lesser CelandineRanunculus ficaria Na2020*
LongleafFalaria vulgarisne*
Love-in-a-mistNigella damascenaNe2020*
LucerneMedicago sativa ssp sativaNe2020*
Marigold (Pot)Calendula officinalisNe *Garden escape or more likely planted.
Meadow ButtercupRanunculus acrisNa*
Meadow FescueFestuca pratensisNa *
Meadow FoxtailAlopecurus pratensis Na ** In seed mix
Meadow oat-grassHelictotrichon pratenseNa*
NipplewortLapsana communisA*
OrpineSedum telephiumNa2020*Native, but planted here.
Ox eye daisyLeucanthemum vulgareNa*
Pellitory-of-the-wallParietaria officinalisNa2020 *
Perennial Rye-grassLolium perenneNa grass2020 *
Perennial Sow-ThistleSonchus arvensisNa*
Pink SorrelOxalis articulartaNeo2020 *
Prickly LettuceLactuca serriola A *
Prickly sow thistleSonchus asper Na *
Primrose Primula vulgaris C ?2020*Probable garden origin
Red CampionSilene dioicaNa2020*
Red CloverTrifolium pratenseNa2020 *
Red Dead-nettle Lamium purpureumA *
Red ValerianCentranthus ruberNeo *Ne
Ribwort PlantainPlantago lanceolata Na *Native grass
Rough Meadow grassPoa trivialisNa *Native grass
Ribwort PlantainPlantago lanceolataNa *
SainfoinOnobrychis sylvaticaNa / alien2020*Chalk grassland form thought to be native, but probably alien here
Scarlet PimpernelAnagallis arvensis Na *
Scentless MayweedTripleurospermum inodorum A ** See NB Below
SelfhealPrunella vulgarisNa*
Slender SpeedwellVeronica filiformisNe2020*
Smaller Cat’s-tailPhleum bertoloniiNa grass *
Small ScabiousScabiosa columbaria Na ** See NB Below
Smooth Meadow GrassPoa pratensisNa2020 *Native grass
Smooth Sow-thistleSonchus cleraceusNa*
Soft BromeBromus hordeaceusNa *Native grass
Spear ThistleCirsium vulgare Na 2020*
Spotted MedickMedicago arabicaNa *
Square-stalked WillowherbEpilobium tetragonumNa *
Stinking Mayweed/ChamomileAnthemis cotulaA *
Summer SnowflakeLeucojum aestiumNa2020*Na in parts of GB, planted/garden escape
Sweet AlisonLobularia maritimaNe *
Sweet VioletViola odorataNa2020*
Sweet WilliamDianthus barbatusNe *planted or garden escape
Tall FescueFestuca arundinaceaNa grass2019 *
Tall MelilotMelilotus altissimusA *
TeaselDipsacus fullonumNa2019 ** in seed mix
Three-cornered GarlicAllium triquetrumNe2019 *
Timothy Phleum pratense Na 2020** in seed mix
Upright BromeBromus erectusNa2020*
Upright hedge-parsleyTorilis japonicaNa2020*Identified with note from Alan
Viper’s BuglossEchium vulgareNa** in seed mix
White CampionSilene latifoliaA2020 *
White Clover Trifolium repensNa*
White Melilot Melilotus albusNe*
Wild CarrotDaucus carota Na** in seed mix
Wild ClarySalvia verbenaca, Na *
Wild OatAvena fatuaA grass*A grass
Winter heliotrope Petasites fragransNe2020*
Wood AnemoneAnemone nemorasaNa2020*Planted here
Wood Avens Geum urbanum Na 2020*
Wood DockRumex sanguineusNa *
WoodruffGalium oderatumNa *
YarrowAchillea millefoliumNa** in seed mix
Yellow RattleRhinanthus minorNa2020 ** in seed mix but failed.
Sown from seed annually in patches from 2016 onward.
(unknown common name – if any)
Polyporus squamosus

2020 – identified growing on a dead tree
New sighting this year!
squamosos – meaning “scale-like”

It is covered in large brown adpressed scales and is said to be edible when young – not that we have tried nor recommend!

The following ferns were purchased and planted according to their labels in March/April 2020
but sadly were all removed by persons unknown by mid-May!
Lady FernAthyrium -felix-feminaN2020
Hard – FernBlechnum spicantN2020
Royal – FernOsmanda regalisN2020
Soft Shield – FernPolystichum setiferumN2020

NB Corn Cockle: A most interesting observation seen in meadow from 21st July, 2013 in small numbers. Formerly a widespread cornfield “weed”. Declined dramatically in the 20th Century with improved seed cleaning. An ancient introduction, probably from the Eastern Mediterranean with the spread of cultivation  into Temperate Europe from 2500 BC onwards. Now almost extinct in Britain, but occurs in Ranscombe Farm, Cuxton. First record in Kent dates from 1629. Now a component of wildflower seed mixtures, but not given in list of species in the meadow seed mix broadcast at Montefiore Woodland in the spring of 2013. origin uncertain.

NB Lacy Phacelia / Scorpion-weed: Not quoted in meadow seed mix, origin uncertain.

NB Scentless Mayweed: Dominant in meadow 2013 but not quoted in seed-mix list, origin uncertain

NB Small Scabious? Error in meadow seed mix list Far Field Scabious, otherwise source uncertain?

Trees and shrubs shown as present in 2012 list and still extant in 2013 (not included in this list).

Our thanks to Peter for his time and effort!